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oregon trail: the great migration: 1843 pioneer wagon train to oregon oregon pioneers updated: 4 march 2003 the wagon train of 1843 the great migration also, check out state archive resources jump to: section: 1843 wagon train members section: pre-1843 pioneers section: protestant missionaries in oregon june 1843 letter-to-the-editor from a trail traveler, describing some of the trail politics and issues. source of this material; e-mail comments and queries (external) the oregon trail website with pictures and history of the trail, based on the pbs documentary; a "complete compendium" and well worth a visit. (external) a plethora of interesting, humorous and educational links about the oregon trail. see more links at end of document. quoting from the book: see source "the circumstances attending the final starting of the emigrants, are thus related by gen j w nesmith:-- "without orders from any quarter, and without preconcert, promptly as the grass began to start, the emigrants began to assemble near independence, at a place called fitzhugh's mill. on the seventeenth day of may, 1843, notices were circulated through the different encampments that on the succeeding day, those who contemplated emigrating to oregon, would meet at a designated point to organize. promptly at the appointed hour the motley groups assembled. they consisted of people from all the states and territories, and nearly all nationalities; the most, however, from arkansas, illinois, missouri and iowa, and all strangers to one another ... many of the emigrants were from the western tier of counties of missouri, known as the platte purchase ... "...after the election of [peter] burnett as captain, and other necessary officers, the meeting, as motley and primitive a one as ever assembled, adjourned, with "three cheers" for captain burnett and oregon. on the 20th day of may 1843, ... we took up our line of march, with captain john gantt, an old army officer, who combined the character of trapper and mountaineer, as our guide. ... "the following list contains the names of every male member of that great train over the age of sixteen years. it was prepared by j w nesmith when the train was organized, and preserved among his papers for a third of a century before given for publication. [publication was in opat (oregon pioneer association transactions) 1876, the occasional address of hon j w nesmith with this list appearing on pp 49-51.] all reached the willamette valley, except a few, the exceptions being designated by marks and foot notes:" --[list is re-alphabetized and notes included for this publication. please notify me of any errors, corrections, or links to other sites on these names -mjr] a-through-m names n-through-z names back to top already there in 1843: "there were in oregon, at the time the train arrived, the following individuals, a few names, possibly, having been omitted from the list:--" list is re-alphabetized for this publication; please notify me of any errors, additions, or links concerning these people.--mjr] go to the list from this book read about the "omitted" additional french canadians noted by connie lenzen cgrs, 10411 sw 41st ave. portland, or 97219-6984 back to top missionaries "in addition to the above were the following gentlemen connected with the various protestant missions:-- go to list of missionaries a 64-year old preacher, joseph williams, came to oregon in 1841, and returned to st louis in 1842. his diary of the trip, typed out on 36 pages, is reproduced on the ripley county indiana web site. he discusses indians, settlers, and the missionaries he met throughout the diary, along with a good description of the country, weather, and conditions along the trail and in early oregon. total: c 430 men in 1843 "in addition to these were some fifty former employees of the hudson's bay company, nearly all of whom had settled on french prairie, and a number of priests connected with the catholic mission, making a total male population at the close of the year 1843 of about four hundred and thirty, exclusive of the officers and actual servants of the hudson's bay company." for more information on records about these people, see hudson's bay company archives. "there is a great book, farming the frontier: the agricultural opening of the oregon country 1786-1846 by james r gibson (seattle: university of washington press, 1985; out-of-print, per amazon books, but available at eastern & southern oregon, lewis & clark, linfield, whitman, willamette, u of o and osu, or oregon state library. ). on p 20, he gives a table showing the number of regular employees of the hudson's bay company in the columbia department from 1821 to 1846. in 1842-43, he shows 559 men. these numbers came from official documents of the hudson's bay company." --connie lenzen except as noted, the lists are taken from the book, "history of the willamette valley,being a description of the valley and its resources, with an account of its discovery and settlement by white men, and its subsequent history; together with personal reminiscences of its early pioneers" edited by herbert o lang; published by himes & lang, portland, oregon 1885, pages 273 - 278. the two-volume book is available in many libraries: oregon state library (salem; 3 copies), (you can search osl's catalog by telnet); at linfield college, mcminnville oregon; at oregon historical society, portland (2 copies)], at oregon state university and southern oregon state college, microfiche only; at arkansas state university, microfiche only, interlibrary loan available; at oregon state university or u of oregon, microfilm; at university of portland, 3 copies; at whitman college, 2 copies; at oregon state university, lewis and clark, reed college, university of puget sound, the latter two for library use only; in hardbound original at these inter-library loan sites: willamette u (salem); allen co public library (ft wayne in); mn historical society; u oklahoma; u n texas; or at oregon state u; salem or public lib; usa corps of engineers (portland); miami fl public library; u central fl; state historical society of wi; and at these no-loan sites: lake oswego or public library, and the british library. on micro-opaque cards, at arizona state u, u georgia, kansas state u, u maryland, u michigan, michigan state u, emory & henry college (va), and detroit public library; on 35 mm microfilm, at oregon state u, u alaska, n arizona u, san diego state, adams and mesa co, yale, u georgia, emporia ks, mankato mn, harvard, u montana, lincoln ne, las vegas, oklahoma state, texas tech, houston, washington state, and u wyoming. on microfiche, at u maine (orono); u alberta; calgary (no ill); u western ontario; and nat'l library of australia (no ill); also at oregon state, southern or university, and cal state (sacramento), and cal state (chico); u florida & s florida; n ky univ; williams college (ma); ms library commn; u n dakota; w new mexico u; va poly; & texas a&m, which all do ill in microform, on 10 fiche produced 1981 by university microfilms, ann arbor mi; on 10 fiche produced by canadian institute for historical microreproductions in 1981; on 22 microopaque cards produced 1968 by lost cause press, louisville ky; or 1 reel 35mm film by general microfilm co, cambridge ma; also 1 reel 35mm by research publications, 1975; and by reprint from higginson books for $94.50. [search for 'willamette"] nesmith's list was first published in oregon pioneer association transactions [opat] 1876, the occasional address of hon j w nesmith with this list appearing on pp 49-51.] opats [annuals, 1874-1928] are available in-print for $20, or on microfilm for $10 from e-mail for info on costs or oregon historical society other good sources include: [tip o' the hat to stephenie flora for suggesting this list] the beginning of the west by louise barry, p 466ff. out of print amazon.com platte river road narratives by merill j mattes, pp 47-55. buy the book today! from amazon.com blazing a trail to oregon, a weekly chronicle of the great migration of 1843 by lloyd w coffman, 184 pages. buy the book today! from amazon.com lloyd addressed the octa convention in pendleton or in august 1998 about the 1843 migration. book and information is also available from him at: 501 e. orangethorpe, #51 pine, anaheim, ca 92801; telephone 1-800-224-8184. the oregon trail in the columbia gorge, 1843-1855: the final ordeal by g. thomas edwards, appeared in the oregon historical quarterly--summer, 1996 [volume 97, number 2 ], available for $6.25 from oregon historical society; write for details. journal of travels: over the oregon trail in 1845 , by joel palmer, is also for sale ($14.95) from oregon historical society. originally published in 1847 after he traveled the oregon trail in 1845, joel palmer's journal became for many emigrants the authoritative guidebook to the eden that lay beyond the rocky mountains. considered to be one of the most comprehensive and detailed primary documents available, palmer's account of the journey west was widely circulated among overlanders who were eager to follow the oregon trail after 1847. read an historical novel, based on the 1843 wagon train, written by t j hanson. western passage tells the story of this wagon train from the view of "abby meacham", and has good reviews at amazon.com the book is an entertaining and detailed account of the oregon migration of 1843 in a "historical fiction" setting. in this context, the reader can enjoy the adventure as a participant, rather than as a student or scholar. several children and women's views of trail travel are available at amazon.com, including rachel's journal : the story of a pioneer girl across the wide and lonesome prairie: the oregon trail diary of hattie campbell (dear america) women's voices from the oregon trail pioneer days of oregon history vol ii, by s a clarke, pp 472-502. oregon historical society quarterly index. back to top send e-mail to mike ransom strebig@gmail.com go to the ransom genealogy home page find out about or-roots listserv, a wonderful source of exchange on help on oregon items. operates out of the state archives. find out about and search state archive records of interest to historians and genealogists learn about the overland emigrant name database link up to the oregon-california trails association homepage for information and links to many trail sites. stephenie flora maintains the oregon territory and it's pioneers [website] which focuses on early oregon and early settlers. her list of pre-1842 residents in oregon is an annotated listing. her 1843 unedited listings include children and the maiden names of female emigrants. she also will answer email requests for her data. lots of information about early pioneers is abstracted from oregon pioneer certificates, a (slow-loading, 80+kb page) project of the oregon genealogical society in eugene. gorp maintains pages on various trails; try the oregon national historic trail to "travel it then", or travel it "now" at oregon's oregon trail the oregon trail website with pictures and history of the trail, based on the pbs documentary; a "complete compendium" and well worth a visit. visit the oregon historical society, with lots of historic photos. the five oregon interpretive centers, and complete oregon segment information is found at the end of the oregon trail website. pioneer histories and great historical articles. the national oregon/california trail center at montpelier, idaho has information and links about the idaho segment of the oregon trail. a plethora of interesting, humorous and educational links about the oregon trail  ancestry global search first name any locality alabama alaska arizona arkansas california colorado connecticut delaware dist. of columbia florida georgia hawaii idaho illinois indiana iowa kansas kentucky louisiana maine maryland massachusetts michigan minnesota mississippi missouri montana nebraska nevada new hampshire new jersey new mexico new york north carolina north dakota ohio oklahoma oregon pennsylvania rhode island south carolina south dakota tennessee texas utah vermont virginia washington west virginia wisconsin wyoming locality last name any year 1950 - 1998 1900 - 1949 1850 - 1899 1800 - 1849 1750 - 1799 before 1750 date range     updated: 4 march 2003
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